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Info And Facts, Bijapur

About Bijapur

Bijapur, a medieval Muslim walled city, 530  km north-west of Bangalore, is characterised by domes and minarets. Its founder called it Vijayapura or Bijapur, the city of victory. Bijapur capital of the Adil Shahi kings, experienced a great deal of architectural activity under the Adil Shahi dynasty between 10th and 11th centuries. The Adil Shahis encouraged building activities to such an extent that Bijapur itself has over 50 mosques, more than 20 tombs and a number of palaces.

History

The foundations of this historic city were laid during the reign of the Chalukyan dynasty of Kalyani between the tenth and eleventh centuries. They called it Vijayapura or the "City of Victory" from which comes its present name Bijapur.

Bijapur came under Muslim influence, first under Allaudin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, towards the end of the 13th century, and then under the Bahamani kings of Bidar in 1347.

In 1481, Mohammed III, one of the Bahamani Sultans, appointed Yusuf Adil Khan as the Governor of Bijapur. One of the sons of Sultan Mahmud II of Turkey. Yusuf Adil Khan fled his country on the death of his father, to escape the massacre of crown prince in the battle for succession to the throne. He was purchased as a slave by Mahmud Gavan, the Prime Minister of Mohammed III.

With the decline of the Bahamani power at Bidar, Yusuf declared his independence in 1489 and thus became the founder of the Adil Shahi dynasty which survived as a kingdom 
till its annexation by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1686.

Bijapur experienced a great burst of architectural activity under the Adil Shahi dynasty. The Adil Shahis encouraged building activity to such an extent that Bijapur itself has over 50 mosques, more than 20 tombs and a number of palaces.

An interesting feature was the employment of large numbers of Indian craftsmen . Earlier Muslim rulers of the Deccan deployed Persian craftsmen and architects.


Geography

The city of Bijapur lies at the central region of the Bijapur district. As far as the climate is concerned, the summers are quite hot, especially the months of April and May. Lying in the Deccan Plateau region the summers are usually dry as well. The monsoon ushers in generally in the month of June and stays till October. The average annual rainfall received by Bijapur is 552.8 mm.

Culture And Festivals

Bijapur Festivals

Bijapur Music Festival: There is a music bonanza held every year by the administration of Karnataka government known as the Bijapur Music Festival. All sort of top class music are displayed here. Fair organized by Shri Siddheshwar temple during Makar Sankranti : Shri Shiddeshwar Temple situated at the heart of the city is a holy place for Hindus which is also a very beautiful tourist place to visit. During Makar Sankranti a fair organized by Shri Siddheshwar Temple. This fair is well known for the cattle market which is organized outside the city limits. Farmers from neighboring villages and even some parts of Maharastra come to trade in cattle. During this period fireworks display will be held.

Bijapur Culture

Bijapur is also known as the "Queen of the Deccan" due to its geographic bounty and cultural wealth. The local population is mainly a mix of Dravidian and Aryan descendants. Majority of people are Hindu Lingayats. But still in the urban areas one can find considerable population of Brahmin. However very little population of Muslim and Christian community can be found in the district. The people of the Bijapur city speak Kannada as it is their local regional language. They also commonly speak Hindi, Urdu and English too. The literacy rate of this state is very high in ranking.